Civil War Memories on Foot and by Horse, 1862-1866

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It is not clear whether Brady wanted the assistant in the light-colored shirt to be imperceptible in the first picture which he nearly is or if he intended that this man would be both discernible to the viewer and interpreted as a dead soldier. This achieved at least two goals. First, it served to foil competitors inclined to try to profit from Brady images by photographing them and then passing off copies of slightly retouched prints as their own original work.

The Brady assistant wearing the dark vest and dark hat appears in several other Gettysburg views. John Richter was the first to describe these details in Compare the images of the man wearing the dark vest with detail below from a photo depicting a heavily bearded David Woodbury left in the field near Petersburg, VA in , courtesy of the Library of Congress, and another image of Woodbury from an October photo right.

It is difficult to discern whether the dark vest man was lightly bearded or completely clean-shaven. Regardless, does his long nose suggest that he could be David Woodbury? Unfortunately, the poor quality of the detail within the Gettysburg images does not allow for a satisfactory comparison, leaving open the possibility that the dark vest man could be someone else, perhaps even Anthony Berger. Alternatively, if the dark vest man traveled from New York with Brady, he might be a different long-nosed Brady assistant — Edward T. Whitney — seen in detail from an October photo, below right, next to zoomed detail showing the dark vest man, below left:.

A side-by-side comparison of the E. A striking feature of the photo of David Woodbury is that his white duster and shirt collar resemble the same seen on the man described by Mr. That man is visible, without a duster, at the base of Little Round Top in the two photographs discussed above. Surprisingly, his goatee in the image on the right appears longer than in the one on the left. Nevertheless, the boots, dark rolled cuff pants, white duster, and shirt collar indicate that he is the same man. Is he Anthony Berger, who was then 31 years old, or a 24 year-old David Woodbury?

The positioning of his left arm and hand are used as illustrative tools in two other poignant Gettysburg photos. In another, he sits on a Little Round Top tree stump shading his eyes as he seemingly contemplates the acts of heroism performed there a few days earlier below, right. The detail below is courtesy of the Library of Congress. The manner of dress of this man is reminiscent of the get-up sported by Mathew Brady below, courtesy of the Library of Congress in a pose he purportedly assumed on July 22, after returning to his Washington studio following the First Battle of Bull Run.

Some details in the photo of David Woodbury, mentioned above, suggest that he is the man with the goatee wearing a white duster. But that evidence is based less upon physical appearance and more upon clothing similarities which may be nothing more than a coincidence. Therefore, it is a challenge to pronounce either of the two Gettysburg assistants as Anthony Berger.

This observation suggests that Berger is more likely the white duster assistant than the dark vested one. Likewise, his hat appears to be a match. Because we know that Woodbury and Berger worked together in the field on two separate occasions in , including in one instance with Brady, it is likely that they worked together on other occasions as well. Over the course of the several days that Brady was in Gettysburg, his team recorded 36 known plates according to Bob Zeller.

Brady placed himself in 9 of the views. The assistant with the dark vest appears in at least 6 of them. But the assistant with the light-colored shirt and duster both on or off is counted in a whopping 15 photographs. In as many as 4 of those views, it can be interpreted that the light-colored shirt assistant was posed laying on his back stretched out on the ground or leaning in a rigor-mortis induced position against an object on the ground in order to portray a dead soldier.

When digitally zoomed in upon, the poses appear to the modern eye as lame attempts to mimic soldiers, let alone Confederate corpses see three examples below, courtesy of the Library of Congress. Landscape painters frequently did the same and do the same today. Is he a Brady assistant dressed up to look like a soldier and, if so, is he the dark vest assistant wearing very different garb or the third assistant making a cameo appearance? Compare his face to the face of a man within detail of a photograph taken at City Point, VA which is attributed to Mathew Brady courtesy of the National Archives , below right.

They could well be the same man:. If, for example, he appears in only 6 of them as the dark vest assistant, it is likely that he exposed at least a few of the views. Many were sizable landscapes or panoramas with a strategically placed observer or two, sometimes Brady himself, to encourage the viewer of the photograph to form a personal vision of what the battle must have been like. Reynolds [purportedly] had fallen.

The Enrollment Act, which went into effect on March 3, , required nearly every able-bodied and mentally fit male citizen and immigrant seeking to be naturalized between the ages of 20 and 45 to enroll for possible military service. Fry and his assistants determined quotas for various draft districts in the respective states, lotteries were held to pick the names of the men to be conscripted for service. David B. Mark Katz, occurred sometime late in or early in According to Josephine Cobb:. The new man was Anthony Berger, an excellent photographer.

In addition to grappling with what James F. Taft worked in the Patent Office in Washington City during much of the Civil War and recorded in his diary, now at the Library of Congress, the following entry excerpt for Tuesday, April 1, Called at McClees Photograph Rooms. He told me that he had mounted pictures the day before. The call for Photographs by Army officers has been unprecedented the past six months. McClees illustrates the huge volume of work performed by the top Washington photographic studios at least early in the war as a result of the influx of soldiers in, and other visitors to, the city.

Brady, likewise, experienced significant customer traffic in his New York locations:. Genl Sumner of the Army was there and I was introduced to him by my friend the Artist Mulvaney and had some conversation with him. The Artist who is to touch them up with his pencil came to see her last evening. American Art Annual , edited by Florence N. Levy, contains a compiled list of over 3, American artists. Unfortunately the archival records relating to the time period when Anthony Berger would have been a pupil there were destroyed during World War II.

Mary Bartlett Cowdrey comp. Thus far, efforts to track down that painting have proven unsuccessful. See detail, below left, of the two men as well as detail, below right, featuring them prominently within a different Hanover Junction view taken looking towards the eastern-facing side of the depot. Compare these men with a studio photograph of Ward Hill Lamon courtesy of the Library of Congress credited to Mathew Brady and a carte de visite of Robert Lamon from about V Some of the earliest daguerreotypists and collodion photographers, like Samuel F.

Morse, migrated from portrait painting into the complimentary and emerging art of portrait or landscape photography. This leap was made possible if the painter had the capacity to learn and apply the scientific elements of early photography or could partner with or work for someone who did. Art has had its Fulton, Science its Newton, and Daguerreotyping its Daguerre, and with the latter, the morning of the new art dawned with a light as pure, as brilliant and far penetrating into the chaste and beautiful as ever radiated on earth from the old arts and sciences …The painter draws with his pencil, while the daguerrean draws with the camera, and each instrument in unartistic hands will undoubtedly produce abortions; for if the painter is without the knowledge of the general rules of perspective we may expect faulty productions with their distorted proportions and bad lines, no matter how good the coloring may be or how effective the arrangement of lights and shades, and it will be disagreeable to look upon.

As the critic H. Photographers were all too willing to oblige human vanity by hiring painters and colorists to add finishing touches to their work in exchange for higher fees. See also , Grier, Edward F. Perhaps Anthony Berger was assigned to manage that location. He had been an accomplished daguerrean who had partnered with John W. Black in Boston. Walter Shirlaw, known for his later paintings, just so happens to have hailed from Paisley, Scotland, the place where Alexander Gardner was born.

Perhaps these people were Brady employees who did retouching work on his negatives, carte de visites, and albumen prints. French , Brooklyn photographer , David Woodbury , E. Klement , George F. Williams , Hanover Junction , James D. Woodbury was a Civil War battlefield photographer who worked for Mathew B. According to Frederic E. A recent online auction offered for sale a collection of manuscripts — including a diary, notes, and letters — written by or belonging to David B.

The owner of the David B. Unlike a number of his colleagues, David B. Woodbury continued to work for Mathew Brady in Washington, D. He is described by Frederic E. The Federal Census reveals that 21 year-old David B. It is very likely that David B. Woodbury first met and worked for Edward T. Whitney in Rochester because the Woodbury family relocated from Vermont to Rochester after but sometime prior to the taking of the New York State Census when David was 16 years old.

Consequently, David probably moved to Norwalk with Whitney in Detailing some of his professional and wartime experiences, Edward T. Whitney reminisced in that:. Paradise [in New York City in the late s], who was Mr. In three weeks I recovered my health and decided to sell out in Rochester. Paradise, also one in Norwalk, Conn. When the war broke out, Mr. Brady asked me to take my operator , Mr. Woodbury , and go into the field and make photographs for the Government of the scenes of the war.

We went. Our first pictures were taken after the battle of Bull Run. At some other time, if desired, I may try to do justice to those times and scenes. To perpetuate for history the scenes of war, refusing to stop by the way to make portraits for money, which many were doing. But what of the rest of the war? Woodbury Collection posted at his auction site a low resolution image of the first page of a letter written by David B. Woodbury to his sister, Eliza, dated November 23, Here is what I was able to decipher within that image:.

Dear Sister. I received yours of the 4th some time ago and was very glad to hear that you were doing so well and that Father and Mother …??? I was very sorry to hear of [Father? I went to Gettysburg on the 19th with Mr. We made some pictures of the crowd and Procession.

We took our blankets and provisions with us expecting the crowd would be so great that not more than half would find lodgings. We found no trouble in getting both food and lodging. Five Dollar bill]. After several days of familiarizing themselves with the Gettysburg battlefield terrain, they were joined in mid-July by their boss, Mathew B. Brady, whereupon they recorded a number of photographic views. Thus, Messrs. Woodbury and Berger were quite familiar with Gettysburg and some of its inhabitants from their extended visit to that place a mere four months earlier.

Of the nine known photographs taken in Gettysburg on November 19, , none are attributed by modern day scholars or photo-historians to David B. Woodbury, Anthony Berger, Mathew B. Brady, or anyone else who then worked or freelanced for Brady. The first page of David B. This single letter may or may not contain extraordinary information previously hidden from historians other than Ms. Cobb about both the dedication event and the photographs that these two men created. The view of them is slightly impaired by some leafless tree branches but there is no doubt that these men were photographers.

Might they be David B. Woodbury manning the camera while perched atop the ladder and Anthony Berger standing next to the portable darkroom? Some other questions have to be asked out loud — is it possible that Woodbury and Berger created any of the known Gettysburg images, such as, for example, the photo taken from a second floor window of the Evergreen Cemetery gatehouse attributed by William A.

Frassanito to Peter S. Weaver which would rule out them appearing in the above detail or even the famous photo depicting Lincoln which Mr. Frassanito and others credit to David Bachrach? Might some or all of the Woodbury Gettysburg photos still await discovery in a dusty attic or a long-ago sealed box? Or were all of the glass plate exposures created by those men in Gettysburg on the 19th of November destroyed or placed somewhere forever out of our collective reach?

Irrespective of the answers to these questions, the David B. Peter S. Woodbury wrote in even greater detail elsewhere in his letter to his sister, some other letters, or within his diary about what he did and experienced in Gettysburg. Woodbury Collection is made available for scholarly review and analysis so that some of these questions can be answered and other new ones can be asked.

In the mean time, the names of Messrs. Woodbury and Anthony Berger appear to merit being added to the short and exclusive list of known Gettysburg dedication ceremony photographers. Tags: Alexander Gardner , Andrew W. Woodbury , David Bachrach , Edward T. Whitney , Gettysburg , Gettysburg Address , J. Brady , Peter S. Weaver , U. Civil War. The book published by WMI Books and available on Amazon broke new ground in the identification of individuals surrounding Lincoln and the events of that important day at Gettysburg.

Heberton and Oakley make a case for two entirely different figures as the true Lincoln — but who is right and why? What makes the Heberton Lincoln a more compelling choice? The pictures tell the real story, along with over two years of research to back it up. Read the blog and the book and view the photographs for yourself.

Movement by his possible Lincoln throughout the 2nd exposure created a long and narrow opalescent ghost-image face, smiling at the camera, which appears to have a bearded small chin. Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg. About the Book About the Author Who was where? Copyright All rights reserved by Craig Heberton. Thanks to the Colonel, you are beginning to understand the significance of Gettysburg. Later that evening, Col. Epilogue Major Henry T. Civil War , Uncategorized. His professional standing and personal reputation was so unassailable as to render those charges impossible; 2.

The May 10, Brooklyn Eagle reported: Often would [Tumblety] be seen down [Fulton Street], mounted upon a spotted circus horse, richly accoutred, and displaying fine horsemanship, or at other times would appear upon the promenade followed by a fine looking mulatto and a mouse-colored hound, which he still retain[s] … His eccentricities of dress and business ingenuity have been subjects of comment for some time.

Louis, Saturday, May 6. Some good mysteries simply go unsolved. Who took more known photographs of Lincoln other than a former colleague? Who photographed Lincoln to obtain studies used for a painting that hangs in the U. Who was in Gettysburg on two separate occasions in taking photographs with David Woodbury? Ave Berger, Anthony 33 Supt. Mathew B. Brady, Anthony Berger, David B. Woodbury, and at least one additional Brady assistant joined together in Gettysburg days after the cessation of hostilities in July of For perhaps a full week they focused their attention upon photographing the suddenly famous terrain.

Likely a few months later in a tiny hamlet about 25 miles east of Gettysburg, some photographers took 6 outdoor scenes late in the afternoon of a single day, nearly all of which were shot in stereo. Any evidence of damage wrought by Confederate cavalrymen was long gone by the time those photos were taken. Questions about why so many of those images were exposed, by whom they were taken, and what they depict have lingered and been debated for decades.

Nearly a century after their creation, even the state in which the photographs were recorded remained a complete mystery to most of the National Archives curators. William A. Woodbury covering some of the time period Woodbury worked for Mathew Brady. According to Mr. Woodbury private collection there is a letter from Woodbury which he penned from Washington, D.

Burger [sic] the superintendent of the Gallery here. We made some pictures of the crowd and Procession … We found no trouble in getting both food and lodging. No one, as of yet, has definitively identified any November 19, photos taken by Berger and Woodbury in Gettysburg, but those men may well have taken photographs en route to or from the Gettysburg cemetery dedication event. The oldest surviving captions from this particular series misidentified them as views of Hanover Junction, Virginia from or This conclusion is readily apparent when the images are compared to the surviving railroad depot in Hanover Junction, PA and what is left there of the extant tracks and rail beds.

See, e. Mingus, Sr. Williams — contains numerous photos attributed to the teams of Brady and Alexander Gardner and was the first published photo-engraved book of Civil War photography. The three Hanover Junction photos appear at p. On June 27, , Confederate forces raided Hanover Junction, cut the telegraph wires, and burned the covered railroad bridge which spanned the adjacent Codorus Creek. As revealed above, the National Archives apparently notated on the plate jacket belonging to at least one of the photos in March of that the Virginia location was incorrect.

But not until Josephine Cobb figured out the mistaken location in about did the National Archives finally change its descriptions for all of the views in its collection. The manner of dress worn by the people posing in the images indicates that they were journeying to or from a formal event and supports a late fall dating.

Unsung Hero: The Horse in the Civil War

Duardo Richard Collection of Silkscreen Prints, Materials of the Chicano graphic artist. Duke Dos Santos [Maria] Papers. Correspondence, photographs, and ephemera from one of the earliest scholars in the field of Chicano literature, documenting her close relationship to renowned Chicano writers over three decades. Administrative records, programs, subject files, correspondence, clippings, slides, photographs, serigraphs, posters, silkscreen prints, ephemera and other creative materials documenting activities of the San Francisco Bay Area Chicano cultural arts center.

CEMA 4. Press and exhibition files, artist portfolios, correspondence, photographs and slides of the gallery founded by Chicana artist Linda Vallejo in Garcia [Mario] Oral History, ca. Garcia Rupert and Sammi Madison Collection. Personal collection of an Oakland-based artist, comprised of vintage silkscreen prints and posters by predominantly Chicano, Black, and Asian American artists. Gonzalez Luis C. Works of art on paper by the Sacramento, California based Chicano artist, also known as Louie-the-foot. Gonzalez Maya Papers. Materials relating to and collected by Dan Guerrero, Chicano producer, actor, and writer.

Guerrero [Lalo] Collection. Guerrero [Mark] Collection. Materials relating to Chicano musician Mark Guerrero. Limon Leo Papers, [bulk dates ]. Lopez Yolanda Papers, Personal and professional materials generated by Chicana artist Lopez, the bulk consisting of incoming personal correspondence from family members esp. Also, biographical and professional materials, with clippings of media mentions, announcement cards and posters for her exhibits and lectures, and various miscellaneous files and clippings that relate to her work; several original silkscreens and offset posters, a number of slides, a personal diary with irregular entries spanning from , and two video cassettes featuring Lopez.

Rosa Papers, Correspondence, photographs, artistic works, and other materials of the Chicana artist and muralist. Maradiaga [Ralph] Collection. MEChA Collection. Mendez [Miguel] Papers. Original literary manuscripts and essays, correspondence files, photographs, an unpublished novel, ephemera, audio-tapes, and files related to the literary magazine he directed at Pima College, of Mendez, one of the leading writers in the field of Chicano literature. Miranda [Marcy] Collection. Recordings and transcripts of oral history interviews with the past presidents of the Comision Femenil Mexicana Nacional.

Art work, poems, manuscripts and publications of Chicano artist, poet and political activist Montoya, who co-founded the Royal Chicano Air Force. Ochoa Victor Collection, Ornelas [Carlos] Papers. Orquesta [Medellin] Collection, ca. Prigoff James Slide Collection, Materials of the Chicana artist and muralist. Rojo [Charles] Papers. Royal Chicano Air Force Archives, Extensive collection of slides and silkscreen prints, along with administrative records, news clippings, correspondence, exhibition descriptions and flyers, photographs, creative writings, and miscellaneous publications of the Sacramento-based artists collective.

Orosco, Ricardo Favela, and Rudy Cuellar. CEMA 8. Self-Help Graphics and Art Archives, ca. Extensive collection of silk screen prints and slides, as well as organizational records, photographs, and ephemera of the Los Angeles cultural arts center and studio. CEMA 3. Silva Simon Papers. Personal papers, including artwork and professional files, of the Latino artist. Suman Alvaro Papers. Materials of a longtime Santa Barbara Chicano resident, painter, sculptor, and ceramicist. El Teatro Campesino Archives, Scripts, photographs, posters, printed materials, audio and videotapes, and other materials, constituting the largest archival collection on Chicano theater.

CEMA 5. Templeton Rini Collection, Materials of the Chicana artist, sculptor, and political activist. Torero Mario Collection. Torres Salvador Roberto Papers, [bulk dates ]. Tosti [Don] Papers. Includes administrative files, correspondence, and files on research and projects, programs, conferences and events. Collection contains documents relating to the Chicano Studies movement on campus, including correspondence with the administration on concerns, reports on progress of various units of El Centro, and space relocation. Contain files relating to the history and development of the department, including administrative and subject files, course syllabi, department brochures, programs, and reviews.

Comprised of correspondence, reports, clippings, administrative and subject files, and other documents relating to the program. Includes materials on student affirmative action and the hunger strike. This collection contains information about the and hunger strikes at UCSB that led, among other results, to the ethnic and gender studies undergraduate requirements and the eventual Ph.

The collection contains mainly flyers and posters for events, issues of interest, meetings, etc. Some files on Isla Vista, including student services, events, and groups not directly affiliated with the university but formed by students, are included, as well as files on student protests, including the bank burning and Vietnam War.

Materials of the Chicano playwright, filmmaker, and founder of El Teatro Campesino. Vallejo Linda Papers, Photographs, slides, posters, correspondence, publications and ephemera of the Chicana painter, sculptor, printmaker, and founder of Galeria Las Americas. Vasquez Emigdio Papers. One of the pioneering artists of the Chicano Art Movement, Vasquez is known for his contemporary realism, capturing the lives of the working class in the Chicano community.

Villa Esteban Papers, Chick Publications Collection, ca. Children of God Collection, s. ARC Mss Curletti Family Collection, ca. Scrapbook, mostly photos from Peru, and family correspondence, telegrams, and biographical notes, mainly relating to Lauro Curletti. Keller Latin America Diary, Manuscript pocket diary of U. Two albums with more than black and white snapshots, many with captions in English, most in and around Casapalca known for its silver and zinc mines where Ray apparently worked for a mining concern.

South America Photograph Album, Chile and St. Chile Picture Postcard Album, ca. Chin Frank Papers, Chinese American playwright, author. Anderson C. One photograph album with 46 black and white photographs, no captions, compiled a C. Anderson, probably British, ca. Manchuria, Mongolia, Harbin, S. China, Shanghai, Weihaiwei, and others.

Bell, H[enry] H. Asiatic Squadron, to his second in command, Commander J[ohn] C[arson] Febiger on the USS Ashuelet , re suppressing piracy and preventing American citizens from engaging in the coolie trade. Davys [Marjorie] Letters, Letters from a lay teacher at St. Faiths, an Anglican school in Peking, mainly to her sister about life in China during the time when Japan was invading. East Asia Photograph Collection, ca.

Most appear to be of Japan and China, many of scenery, shrines, and buildings, but a number of people as well, including some children. About half have captions. Includes hand-tinted photos and picture postcards, a few of which have been addressed to Santa Barbara residents. Goodwin [Albert? Includes entries for voyage from China to NYC in Hainan Photograph Album, ca.

Herrington [R. Herrington in , with handwritten captions, mainly of Japanese bombardment and attacks on Shanghai, as well as earlier images of Chinese pirates being executed. Holcombe [Chester] China Correspondence, , Howland Family Collection, ca. Correspondence, documents, account books of William O. Howland, U. Vice Consul in Hankow, China in the s.

Averill Cole Howland Mrs. Gerald S. Japan and China Photograph Album, Japan and China Picture Postcard Album, ca. Japanese Soldiers in China, ca. Eight black and white negatives. Kelley [John A. Lowrie [Amelia P] China Correspondence, Mongolia — China — Manchuria Photograph Album, ca. Locations include Mongolia wrestling, festival, musical instruments, holiday costume, pilgrims in temple yard, view of Linsi, desert, oasis, and settlements, Buddhist temples and priests, ; China Chenhsiangtun, River Taitzu, Mancu quarter of Shahochen [Antung], rural scenes, Motienling Pass [east of Lienshankwan], Hsiho Valley, Tangshancheng villagers and street scenes, railway town of Ssupingkai, lookout station and bean production at Taolu in Hsifeng Prefecture, Kungchuling countryside, street scenes, Yunnan Province inhabitants, occupations, bridges, Mt.

Chitsu, Burmese Road, town of Shangkwan, Kiangsi Province pottery and rice shops; Shantung Province: town of Mouping, Yangmatao Island, Shihtao, Penglaiko, Ungchengwan fishing villages, Chefoo City; Tsinan: city view, railroad bridge, prison; Shantung Province: monuments, Mount Taishan, coal mining, towns, street scenes; Chientao: Japanese and Korean quarters, Toutaokou; Kirin logging industry, rivers, boats, animal transport ; and Manchuria whale fishing and islands in Elliot Group off Manchuria; Liaosi District police and armed hunghudze bandits; northern Manchuria ferry and snow spade production.

Noyes-Wallace Family Collection, ca. Wallace, and George W. Wallace, Jr. Noyes was a Congressional Medal of Honor winner. Rice [John A. Schott [Valerian] China Photograph Album, Two photograph albums of scenes in China, including Shanghai, Peking, and Tientsin [Tianjin], apparently from the period preceding and during the Boxer Rebellion.

Includes snapshots and picture postcards. Shanghai, China Photograph Collection, ca. Shanghai Photograph Album, ca. Shanghai Steam Navigation Co. Mainly images of employees, their wives and children, and people associated with the company, a leader in the American China trade and major importer of opium into China. By Shanghai Steam Navigation Co. Saunders, who seemingly were Southern Baptist missionaries in South China, teaching at a school of academy in Yingtak Kwangtung Province. Includes images of the school, schoolchildren, missionary families, local scenery, buildings, street scenes, local men, women and children in everyday activities, homes, agricultural activities, temples, rivers and boats.

Mainly images of Peking and the Boxer Rebellion, apparently from a soldier with the U. Army, 9th Infantry. Thomson [C. Tientsin and Nanking, China Photograph Album, Vargo [Joseph P. Yun-nan [Yunan, China] Expedition Collection, ca. China and Hong Kong Photograph Album, ca. China and Japan Photograph Album, China images include Shanghai Bund, street scenes, funeral, boats and river , Tientsin border regiment, Japanese warships. Japanese images include Kobe harbor, street scenes , Noda storage tanks , Saitozaki, Daisanji, and Nunobiki.

Numerous photos of local inhabitants, as well as British acquaintances. China and Mongolia Photograph Album, ca. Photograph album containing 34 black and white small format photographs and one pencil drawing. Locale appears to be northern China and Mongolia. Chinese are in Qing period attire. Scenes of city gates and walls, ships at port or river banks, camels and Chow Chow dogs.

One photo of two westerners, one of whom may be subject of pencil drawing. China Photograph Album. China Photograph Album, ca. China Photograph Albums, ca, China Photograph Albums, early s. China Photograph Albums, ca. Includes images of individual soldiers and groups, troops on the march, boats, harbors, coast, laying of [electrical? China Photographs, [ca. Some handwritten captions, in English, on back of photos. Photographs of western troops on horseback suggest timeframe may be period of Boxer Rebellion following the intervention by western military forces in Locales include Shanghai and Hankow now Wuhan and a shot of steamships in what appears to be Hong Kong harbor.

Also, several views of the Ming Tombs with touring parties one with soldiers on horseback, another with a group of men and women in civilian dress as well as images of various public buildings, pagodas, and other sights. China Stereoviews, ca. Includes photos of the Robin , river scenes, and views of Chinese people, buildings, and boats. Also, some photos of the photographer and friends, as well as later, ca. Chinese American Advertising Cards. Three cards, one for the play "My Partner," one for linen goods, and one for laundry service with stereotypical character , all ca.

Chinese American Political Association Archives, Records of a San Francisco Bay Area organization focused on educating and empowering Chinese Americans in the political process. Files of the CAVEC, a non-profit, non- partisan citizen education organization in the San Francisco Bay Area, founded in to help the large population of Asian immigrants become active participants in the civic life of the area. Administrative and financial records, correspondence, production files, scripts, audio and video recordings, photographs, slides, posters, and other materials relating to the San Francisco-based AATC, one of only three Asian American theaters in the United States, founded in by the Chinese American writer and playwright Frank Chin and others.

CEMA 9. Hom Nancy Papers. Literary manuscripts and other material relating to the novels, short stories, plays, and films adapted from the work of Pai also known as Kenneth Pai , UCSB professor emeritus of Chinese language and literature and acclaimed author, best known for works such as Wandering in the Garden, Waking from a Dream: Tales of Taipei Characters and Crystal Boy. Wong Elizabeth Papers, Materials of the award-winning Chinese American playwright, television screenwriter, and columnist specializing in Asian American issues.

Wong Nellie Papers, Mainly writings of Chinese-American author and union activist Wong, including prose and poetry manuscripts and numerous drafts , and related correspondence, publicity and professional files. Also, files on individuals, conferences, and subjects. Chinese Document. One document ADS sent by one En Ze to one Mei Zhang, acknowledging receipt of one brick of gold, to be deposited in various banking institutions.

Qing Dynasty, Chinese Jade Book, possibly s. Chinese Woodblock Print Book Collection. Chinquilla [Princess] Photograph Collection, ca. Choate, Joseph H. Choate lawyer, diplomat, and Republican reformer requesting him to speak. New York, 22 May Mainly images of Poona and vicinity, including buildings, streets, landscapes, gardens, sporting activities, colleagues, and local inhabitants engaged in activities such as brick making and plowing. Christian Anti-Communism Crusade Collection. Christian Science Collection.

Includes copies of early Christian Science serials. Christensen, C. New York, N. Christensen [Vernon] Family Papers, ca. Biographical information, documents, financial records, and photographs pertaining to Goleta, California residents Vernon Verne , wife Carolyn, and son Kevin Christensen. Also included are several poetry and tech computer software notebooks, and copies of poems and songs by Vernon Christensen. Vernon and Carolyn Christensen were parents of Kevin Christensen , a UCSB student, who was killed in a car crash just prior to his senior year.

An endowment the Kevin Christensen Memorial Scholarship Fund was established by a bequest from his late mother in to provide ongoing support for student scholarships. Chroma Litho Collection, [ca. Church [Donald R. Churchill, Alfred V[ance] May 7, Cibber, Colley English playwright, actor, and poet laureate. Holdings include An Apology for the Life of Mr. A64 ], Ximena [Spec PR A ]. G58 C5]. Cicero, Marcus Tullius BC. Roman statesman and scholar. Holdings include Pro P.

Sylla [Printers Z A3 ], English [Spec PA A3 through PA A5], in English [Spec PA V34 C53 ]. Cilley [Greenleaf] Papers, Adkins, Jess. Chloupek of Oakland, CA, re the circus business as it pertained to California. Champaign, Illinois, July 3, Little Performers Collection. Photographs, cartes-de-visite, and souvenir circus programs relating to little people performers in late 19th and early 20th century circus and vaudeville, including issue of Midget City News.

Midget Performers Photograph Album, PA SC Pickle Family Circus Poster, ca. Saxon [A. Seago [Edward B. Toole-Stott Circus Collection. Circus Broadside, [ca. Advertisements, telegrams, and lists of towns played, for circuses, vaudeville and minstrel shows, including W. City Club of Santa Barbara. Constitution and By-Laws, incorporated Nov. Acheson, Alexander Wilson. Acheson had been a private in the Thirteenth Pennsylvania Regiment and was transferred to the th Pennsylvania Regiment.

Talks about his experiences in the Civil War. Denison, Texas, 8 Jan. Wyles SC 1. Allen [S. Allen, May 9, Ambler E. Civil War Diary, Handwritten diary, in ink, approximately pages, Sept. Ambler, Chaplain with the [New York? Writing from Annapolis, talks about parole camp, widespread illness, visits to the hospital, camp news and rumors, doubts about his usefulness, handing out tracts and paper so soldiers can write home. Williams , built November and metalled December New York, 18 Dec. American Union Commission. One Civil War era document: Circular printed re relief for refugees of the war, Purchase, Anderson, James D.

Army of Northern Virginia. One Confederate Civil War document re collecting supplies for the Army. Virginia, 14 Sept. Army of the Potomac Ledger, Arthurs, Robert. Baird, James. Camp Bigelow, South Carolina, 14 June Baker, Charles E. Baker, re personal news, , and one from Baker to his mother, noting he still has not received the boots or shirts that she sent, Also one document ADS , giving permission to Baker to take his personal shotgun home, Baldwin Brothers Civil War Correspondence, Barber Alfred E. Rescue of Col.

Bayard, James Asheton [U. Senator from Delaware]. Washington, 14 Dec. Beavins, William A. Civil War correspondence to Miss Josie Hall, Barnard, J. One carbon copy letter TL to Stanley F. Correspondence between Dudley J. Bigelow, John. New York, Birney, William [General]. Boggs [William R. Bowman, S[amuel] M[illard].

Foster, re missing muster and descriptive rolls for new Negro soldiers who were joining the regiments near Alexandria. Baltimore, 3 Aug. Brown, Edwin. Arlington Heights, Virginia, 24 July Brownlow, W. Also, one photo carte de visite of Mrs. Brownlow and one photo carte de visite of daughter, Mrs. Broyles, Henry F. Brunner, Samuel M. Five Civil War documents, including appointment and discharge documents, Bryan, Henry M.

Montgomery, Alabama, 3 Dec. Bryant, Hattie. Wonders if this is true. Buffum, [? Steamer Isaac P. Smith , commanded by Lt. Conover, while on patrol 30 Jan. Washington Navy Yard, 6 Mar. Burnham, Hiram [General]. Camp in the field, 19 May Three letters ALS , , , about various Civil War-related issues, including a hanging for treason. Also, a copy of a transcript of an interview conducted 2 June between Butler and Capt. Homer B.

After reviewing a recent Act of Congress, Butler decided in favor of Caroline being retained as a laundress. Clary, John H. Near Norfolk, Virginia, 19 July Hilton Head, South Carolina, 3 Feb. Coffin [Theodora L. Primarily Civil War related items, including correspondence, clippings, essay, and programs of the Gettysburg Blue and Gray reunions.

Heger re discharge of rebel prisoner. New York, 4 Oct. Colored Troops — Civil War Inquiry, Commandery of the State of Massachusetts.

One printed postcard soliciting Civil War photographs and prints. Boston, Aug. Confederate Blockade Runner, Florida. Pursuit during the Civil War, on 6 Apr. Department of the Navy, Washington, D. Confederate Broadside. Charleston, Virginia, 14 Sept. Confederate Civil War Documents, ca. CSA Civil War era documents pertaining to various regiments and units of government, acquired from multiple sources. Confederate Naval Documents. Ten Confederate Civil War documents ADS , vouchers re payments made for stage passage, wagon teams, Negro wages, ship Alonzo Child dismantling, Confederate service, food delivered, and other.

Confederate States of America Bond. Richmond, Oct. Confederate States of America Documents. Confederate Uniforms, ca. Connecticut Battery. Cooke, Jay Two letters ALS from Civil War financier Jay Cooke, dated and or , the latter declining an invitation to write about the financial aspects of the war, saying he feels it still is premature.

Cooke later was heavily involved in financing unsuccessfully the Northern Pacific Railroad, which led to the Panic of , but later recovered much of his financial loss through investment in Utah mining interests. Copeland, J. Orange Park, Florida, 9 June Crawford, S[amuel] W[ylie] New York, 2 July Washington, 12 July Civil War diary, This collection consists of a loose diary written by an unidentified Michigan soldier fighting in Georgia. The diary details the daily life of a Northern soldier fighting in Georgia during the Civil War in the winter of Confederate Captain D.

The collection is a diary, 26 January February and summer, , of Coleman, including vivid descriptions of military activity, daily life, and trips to his home at Athens, Ala. Diary of an unidentified Confederate soldier, February-June Contains accounts of movements and operations of a Confederate unit in Mississippi and Alabama February to May and during the Atlanta campaign May to August Also contains a few pages of personal accounts. Diary of the campaign of the 4th Battalion Sharpshooters from Palmetto, Georgia.

Diary of the Great Rebellion. Diary of the great rebellion. Containing a complete summary of each day's events, from the inauguration of the rebellion at Charleston, S. Prepared with great care from "Official reports" and files of the New York and Philadelphia daily papers. Ezra Pray. Bark Fernandina in New York City, where he arrived a week before that ship was commissioned on 16 November Papers include a diary written between January and May , while stationed in New York and Virginia. Participated in the occupation of Petersburg, Virginia, in April Entries refer to the assassination of Pres.

Abraham Lincoln and the capture of Jefferson Davis. Leather bound. Approximately pages, condition is poor, binding very delicate. It is a hand written diary with some ink fading, some entries in pencil. A letter written to his father and a receipt for money received from the Sellers estate were included in the diary at the time it was donated. Mauney enlisted in the army and the diary has daily entries from about the events, activities, and battles fought by Company B, 28th N. Also included in the information was a set of camp song lyrics and a list of names of the people in the regiment with deaths noted.

The letter that was in the diary was sent from Madison County Virginia, May 17th, The receipt was dated Mauney was one of the founding fathers of Kings Mountain. A 45 page transcript of the diary and the record of Company B volunteers was made in the s and was notarized August 26, Ezekiel John Ellis - February-March vol. Ezekiel John Ellis - April-October vol. Volume one of Ezekiel John Ellis' diary February-March begins with a retrospective account by Ellis of the events leading up to the Civil War and his service in the war before his capture and imprisonment at Johnson Island in This portion of the volume is entitled A Retrospect p.

Ellis wrote the account while imprisoned at Johnson Island Prison in Ohio. It serves as an introduction to his prison diary, which begins February 1, In the diary, Ellis documents his daily observations and experiences as a prisoner of war. During his imprisonment, he read a great deal, and his entries exhibit an extensive knowledge of history and an appreciation of poetry.

Additionally, his personal thoughts reflect his grief and distress over the war. Pages contain poems by and autographs of other prisoners. Page also contains a list of men killed and where. In volume two of Ezekiel John Ellis' diary April-October , Ellis documents his daily observations and experiences as a prisoner of war. He considers the justification for war, the defeat of the Confederate States, and the political environment after the war. He also describes his trip back to Louisiana after his release.

Page are his diary of April-July ; pages contain an incomplete work of fiction Oct. Reuben Sweet. This diary kept by a young Wisconsin soldier from Nov. Reuben Sweet grew up in rural Sheboygan County and enlisted as soon as the call went out for volunteers. When his initial 90 days were up he re-enlisted for the duration of the war, and these day-by-day notes convey his experience in plain words. There is much here on the challenges of daily life, such as the weather, meals or the lack of them , laundry, illness, and the landscapes he marched through.

But Sweet also gives eyewitness accounts of battles and skirmishes as he traveled with the 14th Infantry across Tennessee to Atlanta, and then on with Gen. William Sherman's troops to the sea - - more than 1, miles in all. The Atlanta Campaign is described on pages , and his work destroying the infrastructure of the southern states under Sherman's command, from Atlanta to Columbia, So.

Carolina, occupies much of the last 10 pages. Cornelius Byington. In the diary, he describes the status of his regiment, the siege of Vicksburg, and burning railroads and homes July 18, Military Service Note: Byington, Cornelius. Battle Creek. Commissioned Major April 25, Mustered May 25, Commissioned Major July 26, Died Dec.

Rufus Dawes was just 22 years old when the war broke out. He rose from captain of a company of Wisconsin lumberjacks to colonel of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry and a leader of the Iron Brigade. The first volume of his diary is not a daily journal but rather contains long narratives of the battles of Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, and other engagements, written soon after they happened. The second volume consists of daily entries from July through June Both volumes document what it was like for a young man to be thrust into authority amid great challenges and horrors.

After the war, Dawes became a merchant in Marietta, Ohio, and served a term in Congress. Reminiscences of the Twenty-second Iowa volunteer infantry, giving its organization, marches, skirmishes, battles, and sieges, as taken from the diary of Lieutenant S. Jones of Company A. Samuel McBlain. Diary and transcriptions of Capt.

Samuel McBlain, Later became a teacher,a farmer, a justice of the peace and a life insurance salesman. Samuel Hollingsworth Stout. Samuel Hollingsworth Stout papers These papers relate to Dr. Samuel H. Included are documents relating to the physical conditions of William Cleveland and A. Additional items discuss the transfer of wounded soldiers, the capacity of LaGrange Hospital and the hiring of slaves for hospitals. Also included is a letter from W. Beckam written from Parole Camps, Demopolis, Alabama discussing war experiences. Thomas Sparrow. Thomas Sparrow, a New Bern, N.

The diary, which concerns Sparrow's imprisonment at Fort Warren, Mass. This is the diary of David E. He was wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness, and subsequently hospitalized. He records his activities in camp, the company's travels on steamboats, and the skirmishes and battles in which he fought in Mississippi and Arkansas during the Civil War. Diary of the Paymaster of Fremont's Body Guard, Describes the expedition to Springfield, including an account of the charge against Springfield and the return to St.

Contains frequent mentions of Major Charles Zagonyi [Karoly Zagonyi], and information on marches and foraging expeditions. Diary of the War for Separation Copy 1. Diary of the War for Separation Copy 2. Diary of the War for Separation Copy 3. Diary of the War for Separation Transcript. Clarke, of Vicksburg, Miss. Contains accounts of the affairs of the 31st Iowa Infantry from its organization in the fall of to its subsequent service in Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia.

Also includes information on marches.

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The back of the diary contains postwar accounts of Orcutt and Bros. Thus the diary may have been written by Noel P. Orcutt or Darius M. Orcutt, both of whom served in the 31st Iowa Infantry during the war. Edwin F. Diary of Edwin F. Holmes, dated In this diary, he discusses the movements of his regiment, marching, skirmishes, clothing, Siege of Corinth, food, and a grand review November 11, At the end of the diary, he includes a list of his locations, prices of supplies in Nashville, and a list of his officers.

Veteran , Fentonville. Enlisted in company H, Tenth Infantry, Feb.

Mustered Feb. Re-enlisted Feb. Sergeant Major March 28, Commissioned First Lieutenant and Adjutant, May 8, Mustered May 22, Commissioned July 6, Mustered out at Louisville, Ky. The diary covers August June , and include entries made in Wisconsin, Missouri, and Mississippi. Edwin R. Sharpe Journal, December December The first three journals were kept while Sharpe served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War.

They discuss camp life and military tactics of several major battles and campaigns, such as Gettysburg in Pennsylvania, Fredericksburg in Virginia, Antietam in Maryland, the Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia, and the Valley Campaign led by Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. The first journal contains some quotes from various authors. Most entries describe the weather and the time of daily drills and dress parades, but the diary also documents such events as the fall of Richmond, the surrender of General Robert E.

Lee, the assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Stephens' time guarding the Lincoln Conspirators and witnessing the executions, and the paying off of several regiments. Prior to he was promoted to major. Eugene Bergin Hinkley. Correspondence from Eugene Bergin Hinkley to his sisters in which he details his activities while traveling as secretary to Commodore Thatcher, who was stationed aboard the U.

Sloop-of-War Constellation bound for the Mediterranean to protect Union shipping. The tour also served a diplomatic function as Thatcher and Hinkley met with American and foreign diplomats at each port. Several letters include news about the Civil War as well as rumors from the diplomatic community about possible foreign actions. The news that Gen.

George B. Stanton's culpability in not supporting McClellan 26 July Later, Hinkley speculates on charges of incompetence being leveled at General McClellan 18 December and questions whether McClellan lost Richmond because the use of McDowell's Corps was withheld from him 4 July Also included is a discussion of whether war with the Confederacy is justified by the Constitution 26 February Hinkley was unsure of the ability of the Union leaders to gain victory, while noting the success of the Confederacy against all odds 17 May In the English port of Gibraltar, Union and Confederate ships, in theory, were both restricted to a twenty-four-hour stay.

There, also, relations between English and Union officers were tense, ending in a fight in a restaurant 4 May Items of interest about each country are also included in the correspondence. In Turkey, the easy life of Beirut missionaries who were better supported and had fewer responsibilities than the majority of clergymen in New England is detailed 26 September Hinkley also describes a meeting with the president of the Ottoman Railway Co. Ferdinand Sophus Winslow letters, September February Ferdinand Sophus Winslow letters, February-September Ferdinand Sophus Winslow letters, September April Abner R.

R Small. With an introduction written by Gen. James A. In the form of a diary, with biographies and statistical tables appended. This is the diary of Alexander S. The diary covers January 1 to November 29, and includes daily entries from military camps near Mobile, Alabama and Brownsville, Texas. Almon Hodges. Unique for its clarity and detail, Hodges's diary offers a rich narrative of his nine months of service in the Union Army. Hodges began his dairy in September of , while undergoing basic training at Camp Meigs in Readville, Mass.

Beginning of the march from Atlanta to the sea : a diary by Alonzo B. Lothrop and Frank B. Lothrop, with a letter written by Joseph Nelson. This pamphlet contains two primary historical accounts of the experiences of the 25th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry during General Sherman's Savannah campaign. One part of the pamphlet is a transcript of a diary kept by Alonzo H. Lothrop during Sherman's March to the Sea. The diary ranges from November 15th to 23rd.

The additional section of the pamphlet is a letter written by Corporal J. Nelson to his sister. The letter is dated May 31st Alonzo Miller. The collection consists of typed transcripts of Private Miller's daily diary and letters to his family during his time as a soldier. The letters and diary chronicles the 12th regiment's march from Wisconsin through Tennessee and Alabama and into Georgia. His papers provide detailed descriptions of the towns and countryside through which he travelled and include observations on the daily activities of soldiers, such as training and foraging, as well as comments on the weather and the general health of himself and his fellow troops.

Miller described battles and skirmishes his brigade fought on its way to Atlanta. He describes the action of the Battle of Atlanta, and the subsequent march to Savannah, through the Carolinas, and into Washington, D. He makes mention of the presidential election of November, and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in April, Miller's diary also chronicles his frustration over constraints on his mobility while in Washington and his train ride home to Wisconsin after the war ended.

Babcock's Civil War diary begins near Washington, D. While at Fort Carroll, his entries largely contain descriptions of his duties in camp drills and guard, police, or orderly duties , as well as rare sight-seeing trips in the city. He occasionally mentions his meals, recording one day in March where he had roast turkey for dinner--several of his friends caught seven turkeys the previous day.

Like many soldiers, Babcock frequently records the weather in his diary. In May of , the artillery unit moved to Fort Willard, Virginia. For most of that month, Babcock's diary continues to record picket and guard duties, as well as inspections and dress parades. On May 27, the regiment marched to Washington and loaded on to boats headed down the Potomac River. He spent several days on board the U. On June 5, , Babcock writes they were being shelled, which resulting in the "killing [of] one man from Co.

For most of June, July, and into August, Babcock's diary includes lengthy entries of his experiences from the rifle pits in Petersburg, as well as camp life. On July 30, he writes "losses very heavy on both sides our men occupy the same ground they did this morning. In early September, Babcock's entries find him increasingly ill and excused from duty. The regiment left for the Shenandaoh Valley in October and on October 8, Babcock writes, "slept in Hospital to night for the first time since I have been a soldier.

His entries for October are very brief. From November 6 to the end of the year, Babcock's diary is about his activities at home while on furlough. Willis A. Babcock enlisted as a private with Company B of the 10th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery on December 8, he notes his month anniversary in his diary on March 8, During November and December of , Babcock was on a furlough which was extended from its initial 12 days to an additional 18 days. He spent it at home in New York. The memorandum section of the diary notes extended furlough pay in December. He appears to have mustered out as a corporal, but it is unclear if this occurred with the regiment or prior to the end of the war.

There is no information about his life after the war. The various companies of the 10th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery were formed during the fall and winter of By June of the entire regiment was stationed in Washington, D. The regiment remained there until May , when it moved to Cold Harbor, Virginia. The unit fought at a number of significant battles in Virginia, including Cold Harbor, a portion of the Petersburg campaign, and Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley.

In December , the regiment moved again and was stationed at Bermuda Hundred, Virginia, until joining the Appomattox Campaign in March , and the final battle at Petersburg in April. William T. Russel , C. Hospital Department Surgical Notes. Russel, William T. Thomas , Diary of William T. Thomas Russel containing entries on medical cases of Confederate soldiers, Holcombe Legion, from the years - Soldier case entries include, name, rank and company within the Holcombe Legion and references to specific battles. Name entries verified in: South Carolina Confederate soldiers, He served as the surgeon for the Confederate Army, Holcombe Legion, until the end of the war.

William M. Diary of William M. Horton, dated January 1, through August 28, Also included in the diary is a letter list, an expenses list, a regimental history, and a list of officers and enlisted men in the 26th Michigan Infantry, Company E with details of their service record.

Mustered Dec. Corporal, Oct. Wounded in action near Petersburg, Va. Discharged Aug. Colored Troops. William L. Mangum papers, , undated. Transcript of William L. Mangum papers, , undated This collection consists of military orders for Dr. Mangum to raise a cavalry company from wounded Confederate soldiers; personal letters; Confederate military passes; account pages; tax and other receipts, ; and birth, marriage, and death certificates for other members of the family.

Louis and Warrensburg, MO ; activities; weather; mail; general health of the companies, sickness mumps, varioloid , and death; traffic on the river; food or lack thereof; and travel via train and boat. William E. Diary of William E. Green was elected Captain of the company. Pages 57 and 58 are missing from the diary. William A.

The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War

Dewey Civil War diary of William A. Entered service in company A, Twentieth Infantry, at organization, as Second Lieutenant, July 31, , at Leslie, for 3 years, age Mustered Aug. Commissioned First Lieutenant July 29, Commissioned Captain Dec. Mustered April 25, Killed in action near Petersburg, Va. February January Basil H. He saw action at Vicksburg several times. He was later promoted to Corporal. It mainly describes the non-combat life of Messler and his fellow soldiers. Benjamin M.

Peck Diary The leather bound, preprinted diary contains two daily entries per page with cash accounts and notes sections in the back of the diary. In Benjamin M. Due to absences, injuries, and illness of other officers he was placed in command of the regiment before being assigned to lead the 1st United States Sharp Shooters. Brigadier General Byron R.

Pierce saw fit to place him in charge of the three companies of sharpshooters and he remained in this position until the end of the war. Peck describes battles, skirmishes, picket lines, commands, and other military assignments and engagements in great detail. He notes the various marches and travel routes of his company and records his travels between the Virginia front and his home in Towanda, PA. He lists his men who were wounded or killed in battle, describes court martial proceedings, and even gives an account of the execution of a Union soldier for desertion.

Following the presidential election he enumerates each candidate's results within the division, which Lincoln won convincingly. The leather bound, preprinted, pocket diary contains one entry per day with cash accounts and notes listed in the back of the book. This diary continues with the st PA Volunteers camped outside of Petersburg in their winter quarters and continues through the end of the war and Peck's return home. Peck was assigned to preside over several court martial proceedings and gives details regarding these proceedings and punishments, which include a botched execution of a Union soldier.

As in the first diary, Peck provides an account of the daily movement of Union troops and supplies. He also gives detailed lists of captured soldiers and artillery, as well as Union wounded and casualty records. As the war nears its conclusion Peck was in charge of mustering out soldiers and kept thorough records of the process.

He also recounts receiving the news of Presidents Lincoln's assassination and describes the mood of the men upon hearing the President was killed. Elmore describes the life of soldier, homesickness, combat, illness, and troop movements. Lacey diary, This collection consists of a Civil War diary by C. Lacey that mainly focuses on battles in Georgia. Accompanied is a cased photo on glass of Lacey as an older man. Calvin N. Pocket diary of Lieutenant Colonel Calvin N. Otis, th New York Volunteer Infantry.

The entries date from Jan. In the back of the diary is an account and pencil map of an unidentified battle, possibly Fair Oaks. This collection contains four items including an original diary kept by Carrie Berry from ; an original diary kept by her from ; a friendship book published in , which is titled Mental Photographs an Album for Confessions or Tastes, Habits, and Convictions; and a letter written to Carrie Berry and Blanche Hardin from Clement A.

In the diary kept from , Carrie gives a child's account of the siege, occupation and burning of Atlanta. Diary includes descriptions of military camps in Virginia and Andersonville Prison in Georgia. Charles C. Phillips Civil War diary and Signal Corps message book, Message book and diary in one volume kept by Phillips during the period April 24, - July 13, Includes details about Signal Corps activities during this period.

Benjamin F. White Diary. The collection includes the diary kept by Benjamin F. White while serving in Virginia, July-October The diary contains a detailed narrative of events, with comments and reflections, including discussion of the Battle of Manassas Bull Run , 21 July Topics discussed include diseases that killed many in the regiment, preaching and baptizing, gambling, and other aspects of camp life.

Albert Moses Luria. Diary, The collection is a typed transcription of the diary of Albert Moses Luria while he was serving as a lieutenant in the 23rd North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America, 19 August February The diary includes a description of the battle of Manassas Junction First Battle of Bull Run with an official list of casualties and an account of an engagement near Union Mills, Va.

Alfred D. Morgan Diary - Sep. Morgan Diary - Jan. Charles, Illinois. Morgan noted that he sent home money from Illinois, Missouri and Kansas while in service. Jefferson Thompson's surrender of 7, men at Chalk Bluff, Missouri. In early September, they were ordered to Fort Larned, Kansas, where they remained through November, loading supply wagon trains while the Kiowa Indians traded at the Fort.

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Morgan was angry about being stationed in what he believed was the heart of secessionism; Kansas. At the end of November, the 17th Illinois Cavalry left for Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, camping in heavy snow and killing many buffalo along the way. By the time they arrived at Fort Leavenworth in December, Morgan's health had deteriorated and he was put in the hospital. The remainder of the diary consists of the names and hometowns of the men in Company D and some from Company B of the 17th Illinois Cavalry. Morgan noted that some were deceased and others deserted.

His regiment organized in St Charles, Illinois, in January The 17th Illinois Cavalry fought in the Battle of Centralia on September 27, and, according to Morgan, engaged in a large skirmish against roughly 3, Confederate Cavalry on the Osage River on October 6. After Price retreated from Missouri, the 17th Illinois Cavalry camped in Springfield, Missouri, where Morgan feared they would all die due to bad weather conditions, lack of supplies, low rations and poor leadership. By November , Morgan believed only men remained of the 17th Illinois Cavalry, with 21 men belonging to Company D.

Alfred Mantor. Mantor's diary covers January through April of , shortly before he was killed in action in May. Entries focus on his regiment's activities, as well as his personal experiences teaching Sunday school in the Norfolk, Virginia, area. Alfred L. Mantor was promoted to Sergeant on September 8, Andrew J. Also includes an envelope undated which contained the diary.

Each entry begins with the phrase "1 day for Uncle Sam" and in the cash accounts in the back of the diary, Bushee refers to his pay as coming from "Uncle Sam. Bushee writes frequently of picket duty and skirmishes around Franklin, Carville [sic] likely Carrsville , and Norfolk, Virginia.

He also provides some details of the siege at Suffolk in April In July, the regiment began the trip to Charleston, South Carolina. Although he seems he often notes being ordered to and going to the front, he does not detail his actions there. By September, Bushee's increasing illness begins to dominate his diary. The last eight weeks of entries, ending abruptly on November 18th, consists of little more than "feel unwell.

The latter pages of the diary contain detailed cash accounts of Bushee's purchases, as well as a list of dead and wounded from the company, and dates he served on guard and picket duty. Charles H. Knox diary and letters, The collection consists of a memoir written by Charles H. Knox based upon a diary kept as a prisoner that describes the battle which resulted in his capture, the trip to Andersonville by train, the layout of the prison using a hand drawn map, the shelters of either tents or holes dug in the ground, the food and prices, the number of prisoners arriving on various days, punishments, hangings and exchange of prisoners.

He includes maps and drawings of the prison grounds. There are also two letters to his wife. One letter informing her of his imprisonment and the other from Annapolis telling her that he was exchanged on February 26, Knox was finally sent to Florence South Carolina stockade for exchange. This collection consists of diaries, an account book, images, and a letter by Asbury L. Stephens of the 81st Ohio Infantry. The content mostly covers the Civil War during The 81st Ohio Infantry , of which Asbury L. Stephens was a member,was active during the Civil War.

In this time the regiment captured numerous prisoners, obtained three battle flags, and participated in regular duties of siege. It is an undated narrative account that describes various campaigns and battles including the Battle of Gettysburg. The diary describes his experiences during four years and one month of service: the battles, the news he heard about the War in other parts of the country, and the problems of soldiering.